Navigating Inequality and Sustainability along Supply Chains
Time & Location
About the Event
Navigating Inequality and Sustainability along Supply Chains
Wednesday, 05 February 2020 DH2Ø.071 (second floor, east wing)/ 15:00-16:30
Dalgas Have 15, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg
Hosted by the Centre for Business and Development Studies (CBDS) Department of Management, Society and Communication Copenhagen Business School
The Center for Business and Development Studies (CBDS) invites you for a seminar on "Navigating Inequality and Sustainability along Supply Chains" on Febuary 5, 13.00-15.00. There will be two presentations by (1) Thando Vilakazi and Stefano Ponte and (2) Andreas Wieland. The two presentations will be followed by a broader discussion on research interests and priorities.
About the presentations:
1. Competition and Inequality in Industrial Fisheries: Lessons from Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and fishery quota allocations in South Africa
Thando Vilakazi and Stefano Ponte
Since 1994, South Africa has embarked in a series of programmes aimed at empowering groups and individuals that had been negatively affected by the engrained inequality of the previous system of apartheid. This has been attempted directly by government through efforts to deliver better public services and housing, and indirectly through the process of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE). BEE as a concept emerged in the early 1990s, with an initial focus on increasing ‘black’ ownership of shares in major corporations. Progress was slow, however, and in 1998 the then-President Thabo Mbeki opened the National Assembly debate on ‘Reconciliation and Nation Building’ with what became known in South Africa as his ‘Two Nations’ speech. In his address, Mbeki argued that national unity and reconciliation between black and white South Africans were impossible dreams if socio-economic inequality, which prevented black South Africans from exercising their citizenship rights to an equal extent to white South Africans, were not rapidly overcome. Mbeki’s speech, and more general accusations that BEE was simply enriching a small number of well-connected politicians and businesspeople in the context of persistent poverty, eventually led government and business to re-package the concept as ‘broad-based BEE’. Under this umbrella, ownership has been only one of seven main criteria upon which the empowerment credentials of businesses in South Africa are assessed – the others being management representation, employment equity, skills development, preferential procurement, enterprise development and corporate social investment. These criteria have underpinned BEE from 2000 onwards, when a number of industry empowerment charters, a Broad-Based BEE Act and a series of codes of implementation have been generated. Yet, the outcomes of even this new approach have been frustratingly slow, especially in sectors where few, large companies dominate. As part of a broader research collaboration effort between Copenhagen Business School and the University of Johannesburg on these themes, in this paper we examine interactions between industrial fishery quota allocations by the government and competition (including Competition Tribunal cases of anti-competitive behaviour) to assess the potential and limitations of regulatory and market approaches to addressing inequality in South Africa.
2. Navigating the Supply Chain
A fragmentary and static interpretation of the supply chain and its management has been central to much SCM research, preventing the discipline from incorporating larger interactions. Building from the ecological tradition of panarchy theory, this article reinterprets the supply chain as a social-ecological system. This reinterpretation leaves a modernist view of SCM as “command and control” behind, replacing it with a more contemporary vision of “adaptive navigating.” Previous SCM research helped to tear down functional and organizational silos within and across organizations. The panarchical approach outlined in this article will now help the discipline to move to a more effective research paradigm by tearing down hierarchical silos and connecting processes and structures across various scales that represent the empirical complexity of the world. This includes scales related to a supply chain, the political-economic system it operates on, and our planet. This extension of the set of theories in SCM allows a better understanding of how the supply chain interacts with social and ecological phenomena.
About the presenters:
Thando Vilakazi is Executive Director of the Centre for Competition, Regulation and Economic Development (CCRED) at the University of Johannesburg, specialising in academic research, teaching and advice on competition policy and industrial development. He currently also serves as a part-time member of the Competition Tribunal of South Africa.
Thando previously worked as an economist at the Competition Commission of South Africa, and has led research and provided teaching and advisory services across various economic sectors for competition authorities, regulators, government departments, international universities and NGOs, and private enterprises in South Africa and various African countries. His research interests include barriers to entry and economic participation, regional integration, competition policy and inclusive growth, and industrial development.
He holds a PhD (Economics) from the University of Johannesburg, and a Masters (Applied Economics) from the University of Cape Town. Thando has published widely, including in Development Southern Africa and Review of African Political Economy, and HSRC Press and Wits University Press book publications. He is co-editor and co-author of a forthcoming HSRC Press book titled ‘Opening the South African Economy? Barriers to Entry, Regulation and Competition’.
Stefano Ponte is Professor of International Political Economy and Director of the Centre for Business and Development Studies at Copenhagen Business School, Denmark. He is interested in transnational economic and environmental governance, and in overlaps and tensions between private authority and public regulation. Stefano analyses business–government–civil society interactions, and governance and upgrading trajectories in global value chains. He is currently working on sustainability issues and how they shape power relations in global value chains, and on how different forms of partnerships affect sustainability outcomes.
Andreas Wieland is an Associate Professor of Supply Chain Management at CBS. He is the study coordinator of CBS’ Graduate Diploma (HD) in Supply Chain Management and he recently established a new project, titled ‘The Supply Chain of the 21st Century: Towards Ethical, Social and Circular Business Models’. His current research reinterprets global supply chains as social-ecological systems. His articles have appeared in journals such as International Journal of Logistics Management, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Journal of Business Logistics, Journal of International Management, Journal of Supply Chain Management, and Supply Chain Management: An International Journal. He is the European Co-Editor of the Journal of Business Logistics and Co-Chair of the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals’ (CSCMP) European Research Seminar. Andreas teaches classes in global supply chain management. He is a faculty member of CBS’s Full-time MBA. He has led humanitarian logistics courses at various institutions in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Uganda. He is also the editor of the blog scmresearch.org.
13:00-13:45 Presentation: Competition and Inequality in Industrial Fisheries: Lessons from Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and fishery quota allocations in South Africa (Thando Vilakazi and Stefano Ponte)
13:45-14:00 Coffee break
14:00-14:45 Presentation: Navigating the Supply Chain (Andreas Wieland)
14:45-15:00 Discussion of research interests and priorities