On occasion of the launch of the new Handbook on Global Value Chains, co-editor and CBDS director Stefano Ponte and key contributors Jennifer Bair, Liam Campling and Florence Palpacuer gave a brief presentation of the Handbook, followed by a panel discussion on governance and upgrading in global value chains, inequality and development.
About the book:
Global value chains (GVCs) are a key feature of the global economy in the 21st century. They show how international investment and trade create cross-border production networks that link countries, firms and workers around the globe. This Handbook describes how GVCs arise and vary across industries and countries, and how they have evolved over time in response to economic and political forces. With chapters written by leading interdisciplinary scholars, the Handbook unpacks the key concepts of GVC governance and upgrading, and explores policy implications for advanced and developing economies alike.
Business, Inequality and Development
3 December 2019
Focusing on the IKEA Foundation-sponsored “Better Shelter”, guest speaker Elisa Pascucci explored the role of logistical calculative rationales in the provision of emergency housing for refugees. She talked about the technologies that allow refugee shelter products – conceptualized as “humanitarian goods” – to circulate across production sites, camps, and disaster and border zones. In doing so, she highlighted their connections to broader infrastructures and commercial networks in what recent literature has called “supply-chain humanitarianism” (Ziadah, 2019).
Elisa Pascucci (PhD Sussex, UK) is postdoctoral researcher at the University of Helsinki, Finland. She is a human geographer whose research interests include humanitarian infrastructures and economies in the Mediterranean and Middle East, the social effects and everyday politics of border regimes, and migrant and refugee political agency and mobilization. Elisa is also affiliated researcher in the project HUMBorders, funded by the Norwegian Research Council and based at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Her work has been published, among others, in the journals Global Networks, Area, International Political Sociology and Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space.
Refugee Shelter in a Logistical World: Designing Humanitarian Goods for Supply-Chain Humanitarianism
28 November 2019
The Joint Sustainability Governance Group, a joint research cluster between the Centre for Business and Development Studies and CBS Sustainability, invited to their first Paper Development Seminar. Steen Vallentin from CBS Sustainability presented a book chapter co-authored with Jeremy Moon on "Tax Avoidance and Corporate Irresponsibility – CSR as Problem or Solution?" and Luisa Murphy, PhD fellow in Corporate Sustainability at CBS presented a paper draft based on her PhD on "'Push' and 'Pull' in Multi-stakeholder Initiatives".
Paper Development Seminar No.1
Joint Sustainability Governance Group
6 November 2019
Stefano Ponte, Director of CBDS, launched his new book 'Business, Power and Sustainability in a World of Global Value Chains' at CBS on 23 October. The book presentation was followed by a roundtable discussion with CBDS researchers and professors from across CBS, as well as an open discussion.
About the book: The interaction of sustainability governance and global value chains has crucial implications the world over. When it comes to sustainability the last decade has witnessed the birth of hybrid forms of governance where business, civil society and public actors interact at different levels, leading to a focus on concepts of legitimacy within multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs). Based in over 15 years of theoretical engagement and field research, Business, Power and Sustainability draws from both labour-intensive value chains, such as in the agro-food sector (coffee, wine, fish, biofuels, palm oil), and from capital-intensive value chains such as in shipping and aviation, to discuss how sustainability governance can be best designed, managed and institutionalized in today’s world of global value chains (GVCs). Examining current theoretical and analytical efforts aimed at including sustainability issues in GVC governance theory, it expands on recent work examining GVC upgrading by introducing the concept of environmental upgrading; and through new conceptions of orchestration, it provides suggestions for how governments and international organizations can best facilitate the achievement of sustainability goals.
Book launch: Business, Power and Sustainability in a World of Global Value Chains - Stefano Ponte
23 October 2019
The Communication, Organization, and Governance (COG) Cluster invited to a seminar co-hosted by CBDS, where Magali Gravier from COG presented her research on language as a feature of bureaucratic representation in ECOWAS. CBDS researchers Søren Jeppesen and Thilde Langevang presented a paper on management education in Uganda co-authored by our colleague Maribel Blasco from COG.
Joint Seminar with the Communication, Organization and Governance Cluster
3 October 2019
The cluster "Knowledge and Global Development" invited to their second seminar. Lisa Ann Richey presented a paper on Brand Aid and value chain partnerships in the the case of Starbucks. Hans Krause Hansen presented a paper co-authored with Julie Uldam on transnational police work.
Knowledge and Global Development: Paper Development Seminar No.2
9 September 2019
Sana Illahe presented on the challenges and opportunities available to women entrepreneurs in the urban slums of Pakistan. She started by introducing the context of urban slums in Pakistan. There are a number of challenges present for women entrepreneurs in these communities. Zeroing in on the challenge of access to finance, she will bring in Kashf Foundation (KF). KF itself is envisioned and run by a woman entrepreneur, provides financial access to women entrepreneurs in these slum communities, along with other opportunities such as human and social capital building, to ensure success of their businesses.
Women Entrepreneurship in the Urban Slums of Pakistan
2 July 2019
Dr. Samentha Goethals presented "Towards a positive narrative about refugees: Mobilizing or responsibilizing business in response to forced-displacement?".
Dr. Samentha Goethals is a Vice Chancellor Research Fellow, at the Centre for Business, Society and Global Challenges, Oxford Brookes Business School. One of her key research interests relates to the role and responsibility of businesses in safeguarding the rights of people on the move including refugees and migrant workers. Having taught English and Literacy to refugees and asylum seekers in Oxford for many years, this led her interest in this topic on which she has conducted research in the UK and in the Middle East. She shared a draft paper related to that topic with a view to receiving feedback to advance it towards publication in Journal of Business Ethics at the end of her visit at CBS.
When Corporate Human Rights Responsibility takes a ‘positive’ turn
17 June 2019
Diving into the political economy of oil-based industrialisation in Malaysia, visiting researcher Charlotte Huebner from SOAS, University of London presented work in progress on the role of a state-owned ‘National Oil Company’ (NOC) as an industrial policy instrument for developing domestic supplier companies. The presentation was followed by feedback and discussion.
Working title of the presented work: A Political Economy of National Oil Companies and Late Industrialisation: Petronas and Supplier development in Malaysia.
A Political Economy of National Oil Companies and Late Industrialisation
4 June 2019
Key themes concerned the dynamics of competition policy, productivity and industrial development, as well as the evolution of business power and state regulation in the process of structural transformation in the South African economy.
Competition policy and industrial development in South Africa by Simon Roberts* and Pamela Mondliwa (University of Johannesburg)
Resource misallocation and total factor productivity in South African manufacturing firms by Carol Newman (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) John Rand* (University of Copenhagen, Denmark) Mpho Tsebe (National Treasury, South Africa)
The evolution of power and governance in the South African wine value chain by Stefano Ponte* (CBS)
The political economy of structural transformation in South Africa by Sumayya Goga, Pamela Mondliwa and Simon Roberts* (University of Johannesburg)
Competition, Industrial Development and Structural Transformation: Lessons from South Africa
28 May 2019
In this workshop, we aimed at extending the discussion of upgrading (and downgrading) beyond its economic and social aspects to unpack its environmental dimensions, and explore the interconnectedness of the three. By bringing together academics across disciplines, the workshops aimed to nuance, re-conceptualize and provide new empirics on environmental upgrading, in terms of GVC and international business literature – while also linking it to broader debates on sustainable development and green growth and addressing emerging trends.
Paper presentations by Aarti Krishnan from University of Manchester, Valentina de Marchi from University of Padova, Peter Lund-Thomsen from CBS and CBDS director Stefano Ponte together with René Taudal Poulsen from CBS were followed by discussant interventions and structured discussion in view of identifying the most promising venues for future research and collaboration, the challenges and opportunities of environmental upgrading and their implications for broader discussions on the current restructuring of the global economy.
Workshop: Environmental Upgrading in Global Value Chains
23 May 2019
CBS has a growing numbers of research activities focusing on different exciting topics in different parts of the African continent. At the last round of allocations from the so-called Consultative Research Committee for Development Research (FFU) late 2018, CBS received a historically high number of approvals of a total sum of around 54 mil. DKK. Four of the research projects are dealing with topical and salient issues on the African continent (see below). As the projects are starting up, we had the pleasure to invite you to learn more about their aims and content. At this seminar, the key CBS researchers involved gave an insight into the new projects. Key themes were Creative Industries, Crowdfunding, Everyday Humanitarianism and Grassroot Innovations in Africa.
CBS Africa Initiative Seminar No.3
21 May 2019
In this guest lecture, Professor Jasmin Mahadevan (JM) outlined five perspectives in Cross-Cultural Management (CCM) studies which she assumes to constitute to a Critical CCM. The comparative CCM perspective and the interactional interactionist perspective constitute the mainstream CCM approach, but she argues that we need to add three more for doing the realities of contemporary CCM justice. These are the cultural perspective which acknowledges the complexity of culture in the anthropological sense and moves beyond the selective approach to what culture involves as currently prevalent in CCM (e.g. culture as immaterial values or communication). Together, these three perspectives enable us to reflect upon culture, to uncover relative differences between cultures and to potentially move beyond them in intercultural interactions.
Furthermore, JM suggests that CCM needs to take diversity, cultural hybridity and multiple identities seriously (critical multiple cultures perspective), and to acknowledge power as major constituent of CCM (power-sensitive perspective). These five perspectives are conceptual and not completely separate in research and practice, nonetheless thinking about a Critical CCM in terms of these perspectives serves to contribute to a more culturally- and historically-aware, power-sensitive and reflexive CCM theory and practice.
Critical Cross-Cultural Management (CCM): Contours and Contributions
15 May 2019
The session consisted of an introduction by Peter Lund-Thomsen, followed by presentations of the Thomson Reuters Foundation and C&A Foundation on their work on preventing modern slavery. Three organizations shared innovative approaches that participants could learn and implement in their own work. This was followed by a moderated discussion with participants to identify the way forward on the work on modern slavery issues in India from a brand and a government perspective.
Tackling Modern Slavery in India through Innovation, Collaboration and Best Practice
13 May 2019
The Knowledge and Global Development research cluster had a Paper Development Seminar where work in progress was presented and discussed in order to share ongoing research and receive peer feedback. Matthew Archer presented a draft on "Transparency against sustainability", aiming to unravel paradoxes in the relation between transparency and sustainability. Maha Rafi Atal presented a draft on “The Janus Faces of Silicon Valley” about the power of platform companies.
Knowledge and Global Development: Paper Development Seminar No.1
9 May 2019
The CBS Africa Initiative had speakers from the Danish Impact Business Network on stage, with four of our graduates-cum-entrepreneurs giving exciting insights into their vision(s) as part of their Africa focused initiatives: BLUETOWN (Access to wifi for all), JamiiPay (Digitalization of saving groups in Ethiopia), MPAY-G (Access to affordable, decentralized green energy).
Find more information on the CBS Africa Initiative here.
CBS Africa Initiative’s 2nd Seminar 2019
25 April 2019
Have you purchased a bottle of Kildevæld water that promises clean water for African children, bought a soft toy from IKEA for families affected by disaster, or perhaps drank a ‘cup of hope’ with Starbucks coffee from Eastern Congo? Today’s marketplace is inundated with products supporting humanitarian causes that promise to give aid to distant beneficiaries, provide ‘good feelings’ to consumers and promote the brands of corporations and humanitarian NGOs. These ‘Brand Aid’ initiatives provide a neoliberal solution to humanitarian crises and sustainable development challenges by linking privatized politics of consumption to global change. Lisa Ann Richey's inaugural lecture drew on two decades of research examining the relationships between global values and local practices of ‘humanitarianism’ to understand how ‘helping’ has become a marketable commodity and how this impacts humanitarianism both symbolically and materially.
This lecture explored the implications of commodifying compassion for business, politics and individual social relations.
Inaugural Lecture by Lisa Ann Richey-Commodifying Compassion: Linking Ethical Consumption with Everyday Humanitarianism
1 February 2019
Mr. Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal (PSL) took office on the 1st of January 2019 as President of Brazil. He has already announced political and economic reforms. For example, he has adopted more free-market views in the aim to revive Brazil’s economy. However, given Mr. Bolsonaro’s statist and nationalist past, it is uncertain how strongly he holds these free-market views. The objective of this seminar was to present changes in Brazil’s political and economic landscapes, and discuss their implications for Denmark’s exports.
Brazil: What can we expect from the new Bolsonaro Government?
7 February 2019
The CBS Africa Initiative, the Commodifying Compassion Project and the Centre for Business and Development Studies were excited to have Dr. Kate Wright visit the Department, giving an insight into her latest research on Digital Humanitarianism and launching her new book “Who’s Reporting Africa Now?” at the first CBDS seminar in 2019. The talk was followed by an open discussion and a short wine reception at CBS.